Thursday, January 14, 2010

Bagua vs Grappling


A lot of students who practice the internal arts ask me about what techniques are best used when facing grapplers. Of course there is no one movement solution because grappling is alive and many factors can change what would be the most effective solution. But here are a few tips I have found useful for my training.


First you must have a proper root before trying to use any techniques, defensive or offensive. This comes from practicing strikes and blocks from a low and agile stance. In Bagua we say, "When you are moving you are like water, but when we stop we are like a mountain." These means we must be low and fast at the exact same time. If you haven't trained your stances enough you will find yourself exausted in just a few minutes. When someone shoots in on you they have to have their base lower than your own. If you can train yourself to always have a lower base than your opponent while being able to strike and evade then you have already one half of the battle.


Second you must be aware of your opponents intentions. It isn't hard to know when someone wants to go down to the ground, in fact that is almost all people seem to want to do these days. When he is about to grab you is when you have your greatest opportunity. His head, neck, throat and shoulders are all exposed to you now. If you have a strong stance you can meet his force with an elbow strike from below or attacks to the chin and temple. The biggest pressure point on the head is the ear. If you are in a real fight, smack the ear with the palm which will bust the eardrum. You can also pull the ear off depending on what kind of situation you are in. There are much more severe pressure points you could use but without a video it is easier to just describe the easy ones. If you are attacking a charging bull you should understand two things. Where ever the head goes, the body goes. Never fight fire with fire....fight it with water. When he shoots towards your legs he is already off balance and is using you to break his fall. So you have to use your footwork to only let him get a slice of you (if anything at all). If you are in a rooted position a slice won't be enough to take down your tree. While he adjusts to get the rest of you, you must control the head. Turn his head so that it is facing upward to keep him from reaching the rest of your body. Be careful, if you turn his head to quickly while his weight is dropping it is easy to break his neck. You should find controlling his head easy if you are using internal structure to direct his energy.


Other useful techniques include using a hooking or clawing technique on the inside of his cheek. Intense pain always distracts an opponent. The pressure point's on the face line up with the nose. The top of the lip right at the base of the nose, the top of the nose between the eyes, the bottom of the lip and the chin. Remember that the larger your striking object the more external the damage. If you smack the skin, it is mostly spread arcross the surface, a fist goes a little deeper, a knuckle even deeper, and a finger is the deepest. When striking these facial pressure points it is best that you are using a knuckle for deeper damage. Alas if you are wearing gloves, pressure points are almost impossible to hit.


Still before you decide what technique you can use, you must be very good at your footwork. If you are on the tracks when the train comes, all of your plans are going out the window. So find a friend to help you practice avoiding the shoot. It may be frustrating at first because nothing good comes easy. They say that it takes 1 year to be effective with wrestling, 5 years to be effective with striking (boxing, muay thai, etc.) and ten years to be effective with the internal arts. So if you just started learning the arts, be patient. You are investing in the long term plan.
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Chinese Translation) 中文翻譯
有許多與我實行武術練習的學生問我什麼技巧最適用於抓握的方式?!
當然,武功在實戰中是沒有準則的,好的武術是能依照人為或環境因素靈活運用,所以能夠反應出平常所練習的基礎就足以效擊敗他人。
在這裡提供了訣竅與搏鬥辦法,可以利用一些以下做為平常鍛鍊,使這些技巧繼而提升自己的程度。


首先,你必須有一個好的基礎,然後試著用任何可以防禦或進攻。這來自於以往是否熟練於讓身體的重心保持低和靈活的狀態。在八卦我們說:“當你移動時像是水,但當我們停止我們就像一座山。”這說明了,在快速移動而短暫的打鬥時間內,無論如何都必須採取重心低的姿勢。如果平時沒能訓練的足夠,將會很快發現自己的時間相當有限。當有人對你在攻擊 他們必須先找到低於自己的位置。如果你能訓練自己習慣用較低的姿勢採取攻擊下,在與真正與對手較量時,又能打擊和閃躲,那麼你已經有一半的勝算。


第二你必須了解你的對手的意圖。這不難得知,當今所有的搏鬥競技項目中幾乎都採用先抓住敵人要點的方式,所以,當他將要制伏於你時,就是你出手最好的時機。這時他很可能暴露了頭部,頸部,喉部和肩膀。如果你有一個紮實穩固的姿勢,你能輕易的看見他的弱點,接著用肘部攻擊或從下面攻擊下巴。耳朵是頭部能給予最大壓力的部位。如果你是在實際打鬥中,手掌力量和拍擊聲能使耳膜受傷甚至爆裂。這要視當時情況緊急與否而定,當被威脅生命時,甚至可以把對方的耳朵撕扯下來,其實還有很多有效攻擊性的方式可以使用,但是因為沒有影片的示範,所以只能略為説明些簡單的方法。如果當有一個人,突然衝向你,你應該明白兩件事;能控制對方的頭部就表示能控制他整個身體。別用火隊副火;該用水對付火。當他要重新抓住你的腿時,他的雙腿已經失去平衡,所以,這時必須使用你的步伐,利接著用在他不利於抓到你雙腿的位置,這時便可箝制他的頭。你必須控制他的頭,為了能改變他頭的方向。要小心,因為重力加速度原因 ,他的頭很容易就能折斷。如果能使用由內部發出有結構性的的力量,應該就能找到能控制他頭部最好施力的位置。


劇烈的疼痛始終是能分散對手的方法。涵蓋了些有用的技巧包括;頭頂 眼睛中間 人中 下巴的下面都是攻擊點,請記住,越大越顯著的瘀血擴散的僅僅是表面的皮肉傷而以。如果用的是拍打的方式,受傷的地方會明顯的在表皮表面上擴散,而拳頭可以深入體內,其次是關節,最深入要害的是手指。
最好能採明顯的面部做攻擊,你使用的是指關節,所以會更近一步深入要害。唉,所以如果是戴著手套,幾乎不可能做到。

Monday, January 4, 2010

為何是功夫?!


每天,起床後第一要做的事,就是得練拳,不管天氣多寒冷,或下大雨,身體不舒服的種種情況下,我還是非得練不可,已經這樣持續了26年,但是學的再久,功夫始終是學了一輩子還是學不完的東西。最近朋友問我:你為何要自己辛苦的練習這樣已退了流行的運動??尤其在這個時候根本賺不了錢

小時候,練拳是爸爸的要求,我跟我兩個哥哥都要練習功夫,之所以要學功夫,是由於我們以前住的地方因為有嚴重的種族歧視的問題,黑人常受到欺負,所以先學會保護自己必然是重要的。當我在12歲的時,已經實戰了十來多次,所以,就因為我在如此在不安的社會,使我可以在每一次的打鬥經驗中得到其中的技巧和重要性,當我慢慢長大後,雖然還被看不起了,但我還是很自信的,因為功夫是讓我的腦中和精神,以及動力都變的更堅毅而強壯,我長大後才得以看清楚這些武術的深奧內涵,打敗別人是很簡單的事,但打敗自己的缺點,是每天都要經歷的過程,這原來才是生命中最難克服的戰局吧!

因為有了這個''武''的基礎,讓我能排除了在我生命中所有的疑難雜事,我不畏懼我心中所有的主意想法,無論在寫歌拍戲抑或表演,都能利用武的精神面對,一開始有人單挑我會說:我根本不怕你!,接著一群人,我還是會說:我不怕你們!我不怕這些人,我不怕自己的缺點,我更不怕失敗,因為失敗是自己承認了自己失敗,才算是真正的失敗,就算失去了工作,跟女朋友分手,考試不及格,都是個新的挑戰可以有機會讓自己變的更強,更了解真相,最重要的是功夫是如何的給你無窮的自信,方向,或是別人眼中遙不可及的夢想,這是榮華富貴也無法買到的高尚心靈,不只是成長也增長了智慧,如此珍貴的一切都是功夫賦予給我的力量,這才是我想要把武術帶給每一個人的最大原因!

Sunday, January 3, 2010

Commitment


The hardest part of training Bagua is the amount of information and movements that must be practiced and memorized until they are effective. If I spend everyday thinking about all 8000 movements, weapons, power development and new research that needs to be done it can begin to stress me out a bit. Mapping out a plan with thousands of tiny pieces seems like an insurmountable task. On the other hand no matter how complex something may seem, it is at the same time very simple. Just the same as love, sometimes looking at things through a microscope can actually take you out of focus. In the end Bagua is just a combination of circles. Making a circle around your opponent, a circle with in your hands and your body, a circle with your qi. Of course a circle has 360 degrees, angles, etc. But what is the point of making things more complex than what they actually are? My master's father once said, " If you practice walking your circle making a thousand revolutions a day, for a thousand days, you will have perfect kung fu."
This means that even without learning the details of every movement you can still reach perfection through your commitment. Making a thousand revolutions would take you about 10 hours, and one thousand days is about three years. Meaning that with a non stop relationship you could reach mastery of the art in a short time period. But how many of us have ten hours a day?

I think to try to force yourself to spend a lot of time everyday on a project is also a good way to give yourself pressure, stress and eventually drive yourself to quit. If you are learning a language it is not important to spend ten hours studying a day because there is only so much that the mind can retain. It is more important that you study the language daily, even if only for ten minutes a day. If you learn one word a day in a year you have learned 356 words. The average educated person uses about 150 to 200 words a day. You may not have a perfect understanding of the language and there of course is more to learn, but celebrate the progress you have made today. Make sure that you don't let one day go by without putting in ten minutes to your quest. You are already the person that you wish to become, or the desires wouldn't have been placed in your heart. Now all you have to do is commit to yourself and you will be recreated. Every obstacle, injury, set back and let down is a part of your strengthening. Some days we have to move slower than others, but we must never stop.