Saturday, May 31, 2008

Soft Body Repeating Hands Bagua Movements

Pre Heaven (For Strengthening & Conditioning)

八大綱 8 Structures (Outline of Power)
單換掌 Single Changing Palm
雙換掌 Double Changing Palm
順式掌 Flowing Palm
背身掌 Backside Palm
翻身掌 Body Reversing Palm (Flipping Palm)
磨身掌 Grinding Body Palm
三穿掌 Triple Piercing Palm
回身掌 Turning Palm (Rotating Palm)

天干八卦 Heaven Movement Forms
蛇形順式掌 Snake's Flowing Palm
龍形穿手掌 Dragon's Piercing Palm
回身打虎掌 Tiger's Turning Palm
燕翻蓋手掌 Swallow's Reversing Covering Palm
轉身翻背掌 Spinning Backward Palm
擰身探馬掌 The Searching Horse's Twisting Palm
翻身背插掌 Reversing Body Backward Stabbing Palm
停身搬扣掌 In Place Hooking Palm (Still Hooking Palm)

Post Heaven Movements (For Application)

地支八卦 Earth Movement Forms

Section 1: 打法 The Way of striking
開掌 Opening Palm
捧掌 Carrying Palm (offering palm)
扽掌 Yanking Palm
探掌 Searching Palm
捩掌 Twisting Palm
挑掌 Choosing Palm (Selecting Palm)
蓋掌 Covering Palm
纏掌 Wrapping Palm

Section 2: 手法 The Way of the hands
截掌 Intercepting Palm
藏掌 Hidden Palm
砍掌 Chopping Palm
削掌 Peeling Palm
二掌 Two Palms
虎掌 Tiger Palm
奪掌 Snatching Palm (Robbing Palm)
環掌 Surrounding Palm (Looping Palm)

Section 3: 卸法 The Way of Diverting
穿掌 Piercing Palm
搬掌 Moving Palm
接掌 Catching Palm
攔掌 Hindering Palm
停掌 Stopping Palm
翻掌 Flipping Palm
走 Stepping Palm
轉 Spinning Palm

Section 4: 身法 Way of the Body
推掌 Pushing Palm (forcing palm)
托掌 Supporting Palm
帶掌 Taking Palm
領掌 Leading Palm (Guiding Palm)
沾掌 Staining Palm
連掌 Repeating Palm
隨掌 Allowing Palm (Following Palm)
黏掌 Sticky Palm

Section 5: 肘法 The Way of the Elbow
蹲 Crouching Elbow
盤 Capturing Elbow
墜 Falling Elbow
頂 Peaking Elbow
衡 Measuring Palm (Weighing Palm)
挫 Obstructing Palm
疊 Stacking Palm
鑽 Drilling Elbow

Section 6: 腿法 The Way of the Legs
趨 Quick Stepping kick
踹 Sweeping Kick (Trample)
擺 Outward Kick
掛 Hanging kick
踢 Lifting Kick (Raising Kick)
截 Intercepting Kick
蹚 Drifting Sweep (Wading Sweep)
撞 Crashing Kick

Section 7: 進法 The Way of Entry
掖 Tucking Palm
擠 Pressing Palm
雕 Statue Palm
攞 Splitting Palm
崩 Collapsing Fist
闖 Breaking Palm
扣 Hooking Palm
攀 Climbing Palm (Pulling Palm)

Section 8: 走法 The Way of Stepping
搗 Pounding Palm (Stirring Fist)
狸 Fox Palm
吸 Attracting Palm
跨 Cross step Palm
搖 Trembling Palm (Shaking Palm)
閃,三 Lightning Palm (Triple Palm)
橫 Horizontal Palm (Crossing Palm)
竄 Scurrying Palm

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In Short

I study Gao-Style Bagua (), or more specificaly, Soft Body, Repeating Hands Bagua (柔身連環八卦掌). The lineage started with Dong Hai Chuan, then passed to Cheng Ting Hua, then Gao Yi Sheng, then to Wu Jin Yuan (my master's father), and then to Wu Guo Zheng (my master). Until recently, it was taught almost exclusively to the military. I have now been given permission to open it to the public.

More Details

Dong Hai Chuan (董海川) founded the first lineage of Ba Gua 200 hundred years ago in Mainland China. Like Tai Ji, it expanded over time to include a wide variety of styles and lineages. Dong Hai Chuan taught the style to over a dozen apprentices, but his main successors were Cheng Ting Hua (程廷華) and Yi Fu. Every instructor of the system has added their own unique flavor to the style, which each develped into different lineage names. This system was developed by Cheng Ting Hua and Gao Yi Sheng, hence the name Cheng Gao Ba Gua.

Gao Yi Sheng was stationed as a body guard in the Dong Shan Province of Mainland China. Gao's successor, Wu Jin Yuan, began studying the art at the age of 8. Wu then fled China in the years leading up to the Cultural Revolution, bringing the style with him to Xinzhu, Taiwan. Wu went on to teach for over 40 years, passing down the art to a number a people, including his son, Wú GuóZhèng (吳國正師父) who now carries on the lineage in Xindian, Taipei.

My Promise to the Association

Due to the current and rapid changes in the culture of Taiwan there has been a new spread fear of "loss" of the many traditions and arts of old. I have promised to dedicate my life before the Jin Yuan Bagua Association to ensure not only its preservation but also its expansion through out the entire world. I am honored to have been chosen for an event that I can only describe as my greatest dream. I will never slack off from training, teaching and promoting the Gao style Bagua without every sacrificing the roots for a means of personal gain.

How I Got Started

Me and my two brothers were forced to start martial arts when we were four years old under the instruction of our father. I started with Taekwondo and as I grew up, branched into other styles: Hapkido, Aikido, Ninjitsu, Jeet kun do, Capoeria, etc. When I was about 19, I began studying Chinese to further enhance my knowledge of the arts. I then came to Taiwan to study the "roots" and fell in love with Bagua.

The complete Gao-style Bagua system is said to have 8,864 combat related movements, not including Pre-heaven techniques or weapons. Each of the 8 Gua parts have 8 movements. Each of these 8 movements have 6 applications. There are 23 basic steps of entry which, when incorporated with the above, add up 8,832 unique combinations. There remain 8 hidden moves with six applications each.

My quest is to find these movements through heavy training and research. If anyone knows what I'm talking about, hit me up.

Bagua 101

Bā Guà Zhǎng (八卦掌), often translated as "Eight Trigram Palm" (but more aptly termed "Eight Sectional Palm") is one of the 3 "Internal Styles" (內家功夫 Nèi Jiā Gōngfú) identified by Sūn Lùtáng (孫祿堂, 1861-1932), the other two being Xíng Yì Quán (形意拳) and Tài Jí Quán (太極拳).

"Internal" means that power is developed not though one's muscles, but through proper technique and body structure. The term "internal" is often used interchangeably with "soft" because forces are redirected instead of being met with equal or opposite force. But make no mistake; soft does not equal weak.

The trademark of Bā Guà is the "circle" (or more accurately, the "octagon"), a training tool and strategy used to develop the dexterity, balance and fluidity needed to apply Bā Guà techniques in combat.

Like other internal styles, proper Bā Guà practice does not damage the body the way western boxing, Muay Thai, and Tae Kwon Do often do, and can therefore be practiced for a life time. For young and old practitioners alike, it can offer a host of health benefits such as increased strength, flexibility, endurance, V02 max, awareness of ones surroundings, and overall body control.